Avoiding and accommodating
Most people have some stress-related reactions after a traumatic event, but not everyone gets PTSD. Employees need only disclose their disability if/when they need an accommodation to perform the essential functions of the job.
PTSD symptoms usually start soon after the traumatic event, but they may not appear until months or years later. Applicants never have to disclose a disability on a job application, or in the job interview, unless they need an accommodation to assist them in the application or interview process (EEOC, 1992).
The ADA does not contain a list of medical conditions that constitute disabilities. People who have PTSD do not necessarily pose a direct threat to themselves or others.
Instead, the ADA has a general definition of disability that each person must meet on a case by case basis (EEOC Regulations . Employees who control their conditions through medication or therapy probably pose no current risk.
Statistics also show that PTSD occurs in about 15% of Vietnam veterans, and 12% of Gulf War veterans (National Center for PTSD, 2015).
Possible symptoms associated with PTSD are re-experiencing, avoidance, negative cognition and mood, and arousal.
Numerous other accommodation solutions may exist.) Working Effectively: Two common issues that JAN receives inquiries on are: (1) what accommodations will work for individuals with PTSD when workplaces are implementing substantial changes, and (2) what accommodations will help supervisors work effectively with individuals with PTSD.
Many accommodation ideas are born from effective management techniques.
Avoidance refers to avoiding the distressing memories, thoughts, feelings or external reminders of the event.
This is only a small portion of those who have gone through a trauma.
Nearly 10 out of every 100 (or 10%) of women develop PTSD sometime in their lives compared with about 4 of every 100 (or 4%) of men (National Center for PTSD, 2015). Due to the daily exposure to potentially traumatic events, recent data suggest that approximately 11-20% of service members who return home from deployment in Afghanistan and Iraq have symptoms of PTSD.
Be aware that not all people with PTSD will need accommodations to perform their jobs and many others may only need a few accommodations.
The following is only a sample of the possibilities available.
Search for avoiding and accommodating:
Individuals with PTSD experience many of the symptoms listed above for well over a month and cannot function as they were able to prior to the event. Yes, if the need for the medical examination is job-related and consistent with business necessity.